A Fundamental Explanation of UAPs

We present a theory of how UAPs work that explains everything one can observe about them.
By understanding them, we can also explain their origin and nature. We aim to settle the matter once and for all.

The structure of this page follows the scientific method.
Data -> Hypothesis -> Predictions -> Observation


Aligning Your Expectations With the Current State of Research

Given the nature of the topic discussed here, we wish to make something very clear to you. The stigma surrounding the topic of UAPs (Unidentified Aerial Phenomena, aka UFOs) and their possible non-mundane explanation is outdated and should have started to go away with the discovery of habitable exoplanets. Our capability to find such planets is still new and it took until now to get good statistics. Barely anyone has had time to update their views and expectations accordingly, so let’s do that real quick.

We can now estimate there are 6 billion habitable Earth-like planets in our galaxy, 1 billion of which are more suitable for the evolution of life than the Earth. About 5-6 of them can be expected within 50 light years and are thus right around the corner. The galaxy is not only vast in size and time but also in worlds. Even sci-fi has underestimated this abundance. Do you want to know more about this topic? Click here to read our page on it.

Because of this new picture of the galaxy, our expectations of what is out there needs to change entirely. Since there are planets we expect to be more suitable for life than Earth, we also have to expect complex life to be out there, or it would be illogical. The likelihood of other civilizations even in our vicinity has increased so dramatically that such considerations can no longer be subject to ridicule without dismissing exoplanet research. Prior skepticism about UAPs was certainly warranted due to lack of credible data (and too much nonsense surrounding this topic). Moreover, even the Pentagon and US Navy have publicly acknowledged the reality of these objects and their maneuvers, not even being the first nation to do so. The time has come to take this topic very seriously.

On this website, we present a fundamental theory for the propulsion system of UAPs, which allows us to predict their motions, behaviors, and origin with surprising ease once we understand what these devices are actually doing. The data needed to come to a conclusion is already available and only required a theory to explain it.


  1. We present a theory and qualitative explanation for the physics of UAPs and discuss their likely origin.
  2. From the theory, we make a list of predictions that can be tested observationally. We want Navy personnel to be aware of these.
  3. We provide evidence of these observations within the data that are already available.
  4. For general readers, we have prepared additional pages with more detailed explanations of some of the physics involved.


In April 2020, the US defense department and Navy released three declassified UAP videos, which are also surrounded by information given by some of the Navy personnel involved in the incidents. This imparts a credibility to the reality of UAPs that did not exist prior to this time, and we can now accept the nature of the objects as a scientific topic of investigation. We assume this additional information to be factual since the Pentagon intended to “clear up misconceptions” and the personnel was permitted to come forward with their accounts of the incident.

Understanding UAPs

Today, carrier strike groups track UAPs with multiple high-fidelity radar systems, infra-red systems, sonar systems (if they enter the water), and Navy personnel, all corroborating the information. A glitch within an individual system cannot occur across all platforms simultaneously in exactly the same way. From this, we know for sure how these objects move, their speed, and their accelerations. Modern radar systems provide 3D motion data across the entire battle space surrounding carrier strike groups. The videos so far officially released are only a small part of the information the Navy has available. Radar data on speed and maneuvers are far more useful than visually observed motions.

Yet there is only one piece of information we really need in order to figure out how UAPs work: their accelerations.

Visualization of the “Tic-Tac” engagement. Image Credit: Brian Bell

UAPs demonstrate linear accelerations within one second to speeds higher than ordinary aircraft. They are also able to maneuver around sharp angles.

Example: At one point during the 2004 “Tic Tac” incident, the UAP moved (on the radar) from 80,000 ft to various altitudes from 28,000 ft to 50 ft above sea level in 0.78 seconds. A motion in that time frame along, say, 60,000 ft distance yields accelerations above 12,000 g-forces and speeds above 100,000 mph if we assume half the distance was used to accelerate and the other half to decelerate.

Routinely, UAPs are measured and observed to suddenly move very quickly, starting at hundreds of g-forces to the extreme case as the one described above.

The Main Argument

The only thing we are going to put into the theory are the high accelerations of these material objects and require them to be compatible with the laws of motion. We do this by having the insight that these accelerations are too large and thus cannot actually be there. There is indeed one way the laws of physics will allow an object to move and even get faster without feeling any accelerations. This happens if you move along a geodesic of spacetime.

Geodesics, simply put, are straight lines on a curved surface and are thus different depending on the shape of the surface. You can think of the spacetime in which we exist as a surface that has a curvature on it produced by masses (energy) placed in that spacetime. Curved spacetime also has geodesics, which are the paths we all take if we are freely falling. A baseball moves on a geodesic, and so do satellites, the moon, the space station. Geodesics are the natural path you take through spacetime if nothing pushes you elsewhere, and that is why astronauts are in zero gravity. For a more detailed explanation of geodesics, see this page.

Now you see why a UAP can have no accelerations on it as long as it moves on a geodesic. But there is a problem: Geodesics depend on the curvature of spacetime and are fixed. But the UAP can navigate however it wants. This can only work if the UAP has an exotic propulsion system that is able to create its own geodesics by curving the spacetime near it into the shape required. This would enable the UAP to freely fall along any intended trajectory. By doing so, no matter how it moves, the UAP itself would experience no accelerations at all.

Consider the elegance of what we just did. We only looked at the high accelerations of these objects and required them to be consistent with the laws of physics instead of defying them. By making these motions consistent with physics, an exotic gravitational propulsion system is forced on us. We didn’t put this in; we were led to it as a consequence. Without such a propulsion system, the laws of physics get broken by these objects. If you find such technology implausible at the moment, consider that breaking the laws of physics would be far more implausible than that.

Let us run with this insight and find out what the consequences of such a propulsion system would be. That is if it exists, what does it imply, and can we test whether it’s true?

Our Hypothesis

As derived above, UAPs create distortions in spacetime to create geodesics along which they move free of accelerations.

Plausibility & Physics

Attention, this section is not trivial but also unnecessary to move forward, so you can skip it if it’s too much. Its purpose is to give you a sense and appreciation of how an engine that distorts spacetime is likely going to work, even without knowing how to build one.

General relativity itself does not seem to allow a gravity propulsion system because that requires either too much energy or exotic forms of energy. But general relativity is not a quantum theory and thus not complete.

See, every time a deeper theory of the universe is formulated, it doesn’t render the old theories wrong but adds to them.

Classical Newtonian mechanics is what everybody learns in school. Quantum mechanics and special relativity are two deeper theories than that. But if you put low everyday velocities into special relativity, then relativity turns back into classical mechanics. And if you describe large everyday objects with quantum mechanics, then quantum mechanics also turns back into classical physics. General relativity also turns back into Newtonian gravity in the limit of weak gravitational fields. This means that Newtonian physics overall is actually the limit of large & slow objects of these deeper theories.

But these deeper theories contain a lot more details: such as quantum effects that are added to our understanding of the world – new effects that we can exploit to create technology like computers. Modern technology is an exploitation of quantum effects that Newtonian physics does not contain.

There is a level still left beyond our deepest theories: quantum gravity, a description of spacetime and its curvature (gravitation) in the form of a quantum theory. Like before, this deeper theory will reproduce general relativity but with some corrections and additions to it: quantum effects in spacetime itself. If we had this theory finished already, we would be able to exploit those new effects and manipulate spacetime and its curvature quantum mechanically.

It may surprise you but we are actually not entirely clueless about quantum gravity anymore. Despite the fact that a complete theory does not yet exist, we can see where the journey is headed.

Space itself is the entanglement of quantum bits that exist on the universe’s horizon (the surface of the bubble, so to speak).

In recent years, beginning with the work of Maldacena (in this paper), we are starting to see how space works at the quantum level. Since 2009, we understand that space turns out to be a network of quantum bits that are all entangled with each other (here’s a section of a program where this is explained).

These quantum bits correspond to the points of the space they describe, and the connection of all the points in space with each other is actually the entanglement between the quantum bits. So space and entangled quantum information is the same thing. The amount of entanglement of two bits determines how close their corresponding spatial points are. More entanglement = close. Less entanglement = far away. We thus understand what space is, what distances in that space are, and finally what motion really is. Motions are changes in the amount of entanglement of a quantum bit with all the others.

Gravitation (the curvature of spacetime) then appears to be nothing else but a property of said quantum entanglement network that has to do with its entropy. Such formulations are beginning to be attempted, and already show great promise. For example, it turns out that the famous dark matter may not even exist, as the additional gravity we see out there appears to be a quantum correction to general relativity. A lot more work needs to be done on this approach but we have been seeing for quite some time that gravity is going to have some type of an entropy explanation.

If we had a complete theory of quantum gravity (a complete description of the entanglement network) then we should be able to create technology to manipulate that network just as we can build quantum computers by knowing quantum mechanics, which is a technology that sounds just as much like science fiction as a gravity propulsion system. But we actually have quantum computers.

Instead of thinking about this from the old classical perspective, you can now think of it from a quantum perspective. Instead of wastefully putting huge energies in particular places to warp the spacetime, we could instead very precisely and with much less energy manipulate the entanglement network, which is equivalent to changing the geometry of the spacetime.

This means the hypothetical propulsion system of UAPs is applied quantum gravity in the same way that a quantum computer is applied quantum mechanics. We do know geometries in general relativity that move at high speeds (including faster than light) so even interstellar travel would be enabled by this technology.

Illustration done by “Open Minded Approach”.

Predictions – Part 1

Requiring that UAPs are consistent with the laws of motion leads us to a gravitational propulsion system, for lack of a better term, which has the following implications:

  1. UAPs should be round or geometrical as there is no preferred forward-facing direction. Since they use spacetime as their control surface, they need no wings or afterburners. (Note that we just obtained the known designs of UAPs only from our demand that such vehicles don’t break the laws of physics. Their shape is yet another consequence.)
  2. UAPs can maneuver in sharp angles at high speeds because they move on geodesics and are in zero-G.
  3. Particles are moving along the curved geometry of the space surrounding them, avoiding the craft. Thus, UAPs have an envelope of vacuum around them and can move without friction both in air and water, which they can enter and exit without impedance. They can move faster than would be possible for any craft that is in contact with the air or water.
  4. UAPs move very quietly or silently, unlike jets. They may not create a sonic boom when going supersonic.
  5. We should see gravitational lensing around UAPs when they maneuver as they must change the geometry of their distortion field to change their trajectory. If this optical effect is large enough, we should see the UAP change its shape as it accelerates or turns. We may also see the background of the UAP distorted in its vicinity.

Point 5 is interesting. As light enters and exits the distortion field, the light paths follow the curvature of the spacetime and exit at different angles. Let us say this clearly: You don’t see a UAP directly since you are always seeing it through the distortion field – like an object in a distorted glass container. If the UAP wants to maneuver or change its speed, it must change the local distortion of the spacetime to create a different geodesic, so it falls in a different direction. We should then see the object change its shape because the light paths change with the geometry of the field.

This is an important point and we have never seen anyone mention it before. UAPs should generally change their apparent shape as they maneuver. We are going to dissect this further below. Note that we can only expect this while they maneuver or accelerate because once this is done they may continue moving at a constant speed. Motion at a constant speed doesn’t require a distortion field. This means we can still see a UAP mostly undistorted but have to look for changes in its shape when it maneuvers.

  1. UAPs can be made invisible from below by choosing the distortion field in such a way that light going down from the craft is lensed back up or to the sides. From those upwards positions, we should hence be able to see one or more mirages of the UAP if such a cloak is active.
  2. UAPs can’t be cloaked and should appear undistorted if they intend to emit a beam, either to scan the environment, map the ground, or attack. Otherwise, any beam would be lensed in some other direction rather than go where it is meant to go.
  3. UAPs may appear like they are surrounded by glass since it has an envelope of vacuum around it. Light moves from air into that vacuum and then back into the air as it exits. When light moves from air to vacuum, it gets refracted partially reflected, just like entering glass or other media. At high altitudes, direct sunlight may be lensed, reflected, and refracted to produce gleaming spots or rings around the UAP. A pilot can then have the false impression the UAP is surrounded by glass.
  4. The energy output of UAPs should be significant, causing the air to heat up and have a notable thermal signature. If a UAP is cloaked, it may run on low energy and speed to avoid detection. It may also cause burns if a person were to come too close.
  5. Some UAPs should display conspicuous rotations before disappearing. Since the maximum speed of any craft needs its engine to run at maximum capacity, we expect a UAP to use all of its spacetime manipulating capability to accelerate to its top speed. But the engine is normally used to hold the object up against Earth’s gravity and to make maneuvers, which we can expect to require a particular orientation of the craft depending on its design (likely pointing the engine down or up). To switch from normal maneuvers to its top speed would then require the object to rotate towards the travel point in order to focus the engine in that direction, creating something akin to an Alcubierre metric, which is a geometry where spacetime is contracted in front of the craft and expanded behind it. At least with some UAP designs, in particular flat designs, we expect a rotation of the craft before a jump to top speeds. Spherical or cube-shaped UAPs may not need this since the field generators can be placed all around the shape of the craft.

Before we get into any observations, note that most of these points are commonly known about UAPs. So by requiring that the laws of motion are not broken by these vehicles, we are ultimately led to this list of consequences that fit every observable known about UAPs – and then some! All of these commonly observed phenomena are actually manifestations of a single technology. UAPs have never defied physics, they only seem to.

Predictions – Part 2

The Mechanism and Its Implications

We wish to give a qualitative explanation on what the propulsion system likely does. As sketched above, we are dealing with applied quantum gravity. This means it is using a unified description of reality and all of its interactions (aka forces). There are 4 known interactions: gravitation, the strong & weak nuclear forces, and electromagnetism. The last 3 have already been unified into a single framework, known as the Standard Model of particle physics. It understands these forces as different aspects of the same force, which at the beginning of the universe were, in fact, the same force before they split apart. Quantum gravity is the final framework, which includes spacetime and thus gravitation as well, describing its fundamental nature. This is also why it is referred to as the theory of everything.

We think UAP propulsion does, in principle, the following. It uses the as yet unknown link between electromagnetism and the curvature of spacetime to influence the latter. That is, the electromagnetic interaction is used to influence the spatial entanglement network and introduce curvature, thus enabling geodesic motion. Since a curvature in spacetime is really a gradient of the entanglement entropy in that network, we expect some sort of an entropy gradient to be added into that network, as that is equivalent to a curvature.

Even without knowing how to build it, a number of notable predictions follow from this.

1) UAPs at any size should emit a bright light, either visible or invisible to the human eye. This light is not simply due to the heat of the surrounding air but the very signal they send out to touch all the points in space they are manipulating. Every point in space is a quantum bit and the continuous space is due to the entanglement between those bits. UAPs should appear self-luminous and shine brightly like stars, which we know they do and is thus explained. Since the signal may be complex, flashing lights that contain a lot of information would be within our expectations.

2) Since the light is actually part of the propulsion system, we expect it may change depending on navigation. For example, if a UAP accelerates in any way, the intensity should increase or color might change. This will also depend on the intensity of the acceleration.

3) This one is speculative but added for completion. Since the curvature is introduced as entanglement entropy in the spacial network, we expect a reactor on board of a UAP to have the following property: The entropy produced in the reactor is transmuted and put into the entanglement network via the electromagnetic signal, producing curvature along the spacial points touched by that signal. This means that if we were to look at this reactor, it would appear to us as though it made no entropy at all but a gravitational field would come out. This is because the gravitational field is (related to) the entropy.

4) The same technology can be used to lift objects (or people) off the ground. To do so, a beam needs to be projected to touch all the spatial points between the UAP and the ground. The beam is not what lifts objects. It is, again, the electromagnetic signal that produces the curvature and thus makes objects fall (gently) up into the vehicle. Since the objects are actually freely falling up, they should be weightless but need to be protected from moving sideways through the beam and falling out of it. This means the beam also produces a curvature that keeps objects from falling out. A person lifted by such a beam would thus feel pressure from the sides but also experience weightlessness due to the free-fall motion.

Note: We just explained why UAPs project light cones, one of the most well-known observables of these objects. We started our theory just with the high accelerations and required them to be in line with the laws of motion, yet more and more details pop out as a consequence. This is a defining characteristic of a fundamental explanation. Once you have found a way into a description, it is like having a rope in your hand. You can keep pulling it and all kinds of insights and details appear as the whole tapestry of a phenomenon comes undone.

5) The same technology can also be used to create electrical currents in any device. By projecting a beam and exploiting the link between spacetime and electromagnetism further, any technology can thus be manipulated, weapons disabled, and missiles sent back. Such manipulation of the internal wiring is complicated and certainly requires AI assistance functions on the UAP’s computer.

Illustration done by “Open Minded Approach”.

Observations & Verification

All of the predictions above follow from the design of the engine alone. The points we need to discuss the most are 5. and 6. as gravitational lensing is the best observable to demonstrate the nature of the propulsion system.

It is already known that when you look at a UAP, it is notoriously difficult to understand what shape it may be. We are going to understand this fully once we look at the best video evidence that is publicly available. Before we can get into it, we need to talk a little bit about gravitational lensing.

The Hubble space telescope sees gravitational lensing all over the place. Galaxies create huge distortions in spacetime due to their presence and as light propagates through that field, light paths are bent before arriving at our camera. This produces two main types of distortions in the image of galaxies and stars.

Einstein Ring

Simulation of a black hole moving in front of a galaxy. The light is lensed around it in the form of a ring. Rings, or pieces of rings, are very commonly observed.

Einstein Cross

Another common occurrence is duplicates of the same object. The four lights on either side all show the same quasar whose light gets lensed around a galaxy in the middle and comes to the camera from multiple sides.

Now, let’s look at some examples

An illustration of how an Einstein cross comes about. Different light paths get lensed by the galaxy in the way between the telescope and the light source.

A collection of Einstein crosses, all of which are duplicates of the same objects.

Lots of Einstein rings, or sections of rings, as galaxies are lensed into ring shapes.

Dissecting UAP Footage

2013 Aguadilla, Puerto Rico

We are going to analyze what is likely the best footage of a UAP available. It is uncut and shows over 3 minutes of footage of a UAP moving low over the surrounding area of Rafael Hernandez airport and dives into the ocean, where a second UAP of the same shape appears to be present.

This is a Homeland Security leaked thermal video from April 25th, 2013, 9:20 pm local time (it was entirely dark) filmed by a DHC-8 Turboprop aircraft controlled by the US Customs and Border Protection. The airport’s radar showed around 50-ish objects out at sea to the north of the airport that appeared and disappeared repeatedly (possibly fewer objects that kept diving in and out of the sea). Visually, one object was spotted by the plane and the airport tower as a pinkish-white light. As the object moved into the airport’s airspace, the light was turned off and visual contact was lost. From that point on, the infrared system was used to track and record the object.

Below, you find the original footage and an AI upscale we have done at 1080P. Mind you, only use the original footage as evidence and the upscale for easier viewing if you wish. We have spent dozens of hours analyzing this footage frame by frame, as that and a keen eye is required to really highlight the effects. Note that the white rim around the object is an effect of the thermal camera and common with such systems. It does not mean there is the low temperature around the craft and it is not the lensing we are talking about.

Because of its low altitude, we can see the background behind the object and can look for the following effects: gravitational lensing of the background around the UAP, apparent shape-shifting of the UAP whenever it maneuvers due to changes in the distortion field, unimpeded motion through the water, and partial invisibility.

Original low res footage

AI Upscale 1080P footage

1. Duplication

Remember that in order to navigate, the craft needs to change the geometry of the distortion field, thus changing the gravitational lens. This causes light from the object to be lensed towards or away from the camera in different ways, changing the apparent shape of the object.

During the video, you can see several moments where a mirage of the object appears right above it. Upon slow-motion inspection, we find the mirage appears out of thin air, being transparent at first and then becoming stronger, sometimes replacing the original shape of the craft entirely.

Here are several instances looped for you in order of their appearance.

Our theory not only explains this but also makes it predictable. When the craft accelerates towards the camera, either by turning or decelerating when facing in the opposite direction, the distortion field changes and lenses light in this direction. It does this because to accelerate towards the camera, it has to create a gravitational downhill in that direction, and this is where the light gets lensed to. The object is making a sharp turn, which coincides with such a mirage.

As we are going to see further down, the object can also appear to shrink and disappear, which coincides with opposite accelerations. If we had cameras on opposite sides of the craft, we would see a mirage in one camera and invisibility in the other because the light from the invisible side is the light we see on the side featuring a mirage. So the light we are missing on one side is the extra light we get on the other.

As the object changes its flight path, the distortion field shifts and we see into a direction where another view of the object gets lensed into the camera direction. We see the mirage appear above the original apparent shape. It is clearly above the object, not part of it.

We are seeing two versions of the same object from two angles. The mirage at the top swallows and replaces the original apparent shape on the bottom. The object decelerates and turns due east when this happens, changing the distortion field as expected.

Another instance where the original gets swapped out by a mirage as the object navigates differently. The object decelerates in this moment as well.

2. Invisibility

At many instances during the video, we see the craft shrinking to a smaller size, often the size of a small dot, and sometimes disappearing altogether for one or two frames. The craft then suddenly reappears, which seems to coincide with it leveling out again.

The shrinking seems to occur when the craft moves the opposite way of when it duplicates. From this, we can understand what is happening here. When we see the object get smaller or disappear, an observer on the opposite side would see a mirage as that is where the missing light is going. For all instances where we see a mirage, an observer on the opposite side would see the craft get smaller or disappear.  This is exactly what we would expect from a craft with a propulsion system that distorts spacetime as described.

Object gets smaller, then larger again.

Object gets smaller, then larger as it changes its direction and a mirage appears.

Object is small and gets larger as it changes its direction and a mirage appears.

Object disappears and reappears as it navigates. On the opposite side, we would see a mirage that swallows the craft, as we have seen in an example further up. You can even see how it is a mirror image of that process.

Same as before but not as strong.

The object accelerates strongly (over 200G) to 4-5 times its original speed and becomes barely visible as it moves towards the sea. Nothing is occluding the view. We are aware of eyewitness testimony taken on location, saying the object looked like a forward-facing horseshoe and turned into a sphere as it raced to the sea.

3. Background Lensing

Since the UAP is seen from above, we can observe how light from background objects moves past it and get lensed. The entire video features such lensing effects but they require a keen eye and patience to spot as you go from frame to frame. When looking at the object moving, the glassy-looking lens around it is noticeable best while it moves. Screenshots or slowed-down loops don’t do it justice.

Note: again, in this thermal view, black is hot and white is cold. The object appears as hot as truck engines driving on the street. Thermal camera systems like this generally sharpen the image, causing whiteness surrounding objects. This white rim is not the distortion field we are talking about, though it does seem to be influenced by it, as the field changes the apparent dimensions and light around the object.

Here is a collection of noteworthy moments.

Lines on the field get bent as the UAP moves above them in our line of sight. This is easily visible in the upscale as the AI makes the lines stronger but the same can be observed in the original low res footage. Circular bent lines and shapes are seen throughout the video.

As the object leaves the field, its dark edge appears to stick to the object. This is because light that would normally move past the object gets lensed around it and goes towards to camera.

The edge of the water of this pond gets seemingly squeezed as the object moves across it.

(Low res footage) – As the object passes the runway, one frame perfectly catches it just above the line between light and dark areas. This line gets lensed around the object above and below and makes curved shapes. Also, the dark background lenses around the object and exits darker (hotter), making a darker ring.

(Upscaled footage) – Here we see the same scene in the upscaled footage.

A sketch of what we are focusing on in this clip. We have no way of knowing what the distortion field really looks like, though it is certainly more complicated than a simple spherical field. However, we can see a clear lensing effect as though the light was simply moving around the object from this angle.

Observe the dark ring around the object. Lensing around the object is confined to a particular radius, which shows us the size of the distortion field. The dark ring is light coming from the object itself that gets lensed back to the camera.

4. Diving and Second Object

Near the end of the video, we see the object dive into the Atlantic and meet a second craft of the same apparent shape. The camera operator zooms in and we can see a clearer view of the object, appearing as multiple patches that are connected to each other. What’s more, the object retains its heat and moves at around 100 mph, only 20 mph less than its average speed in the air, demonstrating that the water does not impede its motions, something that would be impossible for any craft that is in contact with the surrounding air or fluid.

We note that in certain areas of the world, many locals, especially fishermen, have reported seeing such objects move in and out of the sea. Given that we now have video evidence of such an event, we see that accounts from the public cannot simply be dismissed.

The object enters the water without impedance. Some parts of it appear dark, as there are likely certain places on the object that are hot while the glassy shape surrounding them is the distortion field. As it enters, water has to move around the object, following the distortion field and occluding the view partially.

Moving right along the surface of the water, the bottom dark spot appearing like a reflection. All of the spots remain within a noticeable radius that seems to be surrounded by a transparent sphere.

The object enters the water quickly and without slowing down. Water is moving around the object, though it is difficult to spot due to its low temperature.

The object is moving fast under the surface of the water at around 100 mph.

The object emerges from the water without impedance and looks as though it is splitting in two.

We see a second object of the same type and lensing pattern that is accompanying the first one. The two objects are moving together like wingmen. At first glance, it looks as if the craft was really a unit of two craft locked together, which then separated in the water. This is unlikely because we already see two dark patches on the original craft when it enters the water and it also has the same size as each of the two objects. If it was two crafts, it’s not mystifying because they can still appear the same size when split. What we are seeing is not the craft directly but the distortion field around them, which we can expect to be about the same size as before. A third and rather mundane possibility is that it’s a reflection, as we can see striking dark reflections of trees in a pond earlier in the video. The sea, however, is not as still as a pond and likely wouldn’t allow such clear reflections.

What’s more, in the 15 seconds before this clip, the craft’s speed went below 50 mph, thus dropping to around half the speed it had when it was moving underwater at first. This is not surprising given that two wingmen are meeting up (or two craft exiting from a locked configuration), further showing they are under intelligent control.

But wait, does it really enter the water? It is difficult to see, so let’s slow it down and add a lot of contrast so we can see the splashing of the water as it moves around the distortion field. In fact, when it comes back out of the water, the water is clearly running and splashing around the object just as we’d expect it to look like.

Skepticism & Reality

We want to make this really clear: the airport’s radar showed around 50-ish objects out at sea to the north of the airport that appeared and disappeared repeatedly (possibly fewer objects that kept diving in and out of the sea). Visually, one object was spotted by the plane and the airport tower as a pinkish-white light. As the object moved into the airport’s airspace, the light was turned off and visual contact was lost. From that point on, the infrared system was used to track and record the object. All objects showed up on the airport’s radar without a transponder code (like ghost planes) and thus the airport was shut down for incoming and outgoing flights for a short time. Eyewitness accounts were taken on the ground, saying that when the object raced back towards the sea, morphed its shape from a forward-facing horseshoe to a sphere, corroborating what we see in the footage.

Skeptics ignore all this information and claim the object was a balloon or Chinese lantern. We used to be skeptics about UAPs before the Pentagon release, so we know this type of person very well and understand how they think. Skeptics see UAPs on the same level as believing in ghosts, so the possibility is not even an option to them and they will always come up with a mundane alternative. Even the official Pentagon videos get explained away as birds, flares, or airliners despite the Navy having exact radar tracking data of their motions, high-res videos of these encounters, and had experts with decades of experience look at them, yet they could not identify these objects. But a skeptic with only cut low-res videos somehow figures out a mundane explanation and then communicates that as a fact, which demonstrates bias and arrogance. This is how all evidence on UAPs that finds its way to the public gets knocked down.

Beyond this single video, people that have researched UAPs for 30+ years have reached out to us, saying that every credible account or footage they have ever seen or heard of exactly fits the observables predicted by this theory. These observables are very common with UAPs and always the same.

Militaries around the world are starting to order all their pilots to report UAP encounters (e.g. Japan did it in fall 2020) because the sensors that are now in use on ships have such high fidelity that UAPs simply show up on the screen, performing speeds sometimes in excess of 100,000 mph. All of these militaries are taking this seriously as we are no longer talking about a strange light in the distance but actual 3D-radar tracking. Radar operators plainly see these objects and that is why we are starting to hear ever more accounts and details.

FLIR Footage

One of the videos officially acknowledged to be real by the defense department is called FLIR, filmed by a system designed to automatically track fast-moving objects, in particular missiles. Operators of such equipment state that in thousands of hours of using it, the system never loses track of objects. If it is mounted on a vehicle that hits a large enough rock, causing a sudden move of the vehicle and its camera, the camera may lose track momentarily. Below, we see several moments where the system loses track of the same UAP.

The object is tracked, then suddenly moves in a circle as if it had no inertia, and the FLIR system needs to regain its track. We expect such motions due to interference between Earth’s gravity well and the distortion field overlaying it.

The object hovers and suddenly accelerates to the left, causing the system to lose track again.

Slowed down to 10% of the original video’s speed, we see the object perform a vertical, diagonal motion at sudden high velocity, starting from a standstill. The object is moving so fast that it jumps from frame to frame as the frame rate of the camera is insufficient to capture the motion smoothly. Notably, as the object accelerates, it becomes blurry while still being tracked and motionless at that moment, pointing to a distortion field being generated to create the geodesic along which the object then moves.

The FLIR Video

Conclusions and the Origin of UAPs

The character of a fundamental explanation is that it is simple and accounts for a wide variety of more complicated phenomena that all follow from it. Our hypothesis is such an explanation. It follows immediately from a fundamental law of motion that has no alternatives, as only geodesics are free of accelerations. It can be stated in one sentence and we obtain a long list of observables and behaviors from it.

Beyond the footage released, leaked, and discussed, there is a large number of accounts by Navy pilots and other military personnel across the world that are exactly in line with the predictions of a geodesic propulsion system. It is remarkable that we can say there appears to be no discrepancy known between this theory and any credible accounts and observations over the past century, as would be expected of a fundamental explanation.

The 2013 Puerto Rico footage demonstrates gravitational lensing in exactly the way we can expect. We observe mirages, invisibility, and unimpeded motion through the water at high speeds. Furthermore, the FLIR footage shows incredible accelerations and speeds. All of the known observables of UAPs can be explained by a single technology. Gravitational lensing is a new observable that has not been described before as far as we are aware, though unclear shapes and apparent shapeshifting are commonly known occurrences when observing UAPs.

If a foreign country had developed this technology in secret, it would have needed to develop a complete theory of quantum gravity several decades before the year 2000 since a completed craft existed during the 2004 “Tic Tac” incident. The equations of a fundamental theory alone are not enough to build technology from it, as these equations need to be applied to physical systems in order to design anything. Applying a theory is difficult, needs more decades of work, and requires modern computing power which did not exist decades ago. Many additional technologies and tools would need to be created to actually construct such a craft and all its materials.

We recognize that it is not simply an engineering hurdle but a lack of a complete theory of quantum gravity that disables any country from developing such technology. It would be extraordinary to suggest such technology was developed by any country at a time when our computers still used floppy discs, and other modern tools and material science did not exist. As a whole, such a country would have been far ahead of the rest of the world. We thus have to conclude that the likelihood of these objects having an extraterrestrial origin is very near certain.

Given the large number of habitable exoplanets we are currently discovering, ranging to 6 billion such planets in the galaxy, this result is becoming entirely ordinary and expected. What’s more, the large amount of habitable planets and vast length of cosmic time ensures that complex extraterrestrial life has likely evolved multiple times and long ago given that any simultaneity with our civilization would be an extraordinary coincidence. This means that if they are here today, they have been for a long time and must have been noticed throughout history, which may explain the UAP accounts we have from classical antiquity.

Given the agreement of this theory with virtually all credible data over the last century, we consider the matter of the origin of these vehicles settled. What we really need to do going forward is to inform the public of this fact, as we are not going to have any communication with any off-world people as long as we are not even collectively aware of them. For all we know, collective awareness may just be what they are waiting for. Instead of discussing whether they exist, we ought to talk about how we may appeal to them that we are ready to be spoken to, which they seem to avoid with diligence.

About Our Remaining Predictions

We still have to talk about our remaining predictions, as we have so far only shown that gravitational lensing is occurring in the way we expect.

  1. The round and geometric designs of UAP are well established and now understandable.
  2. Sharp turns and maneuvers are among the common things we know about UAPs.
  3. Their high speeds (even 100,000 mph have been measured) are well known. They also routinely go into the ocean or emerge from it. Radar contact turns into sonar contact as the UAP enters the water. Unidentified Submerged Objects are a thing, as are Hyper Velocity Underwater Objects in Navy handbooks.
  4. UAPs are known to move silently as we would expect from a device not in touch with the air.
  5. We discussed gravitational lensing in the videos above.
  6. We discussed invisibility in the video above.
  7. There are multiple credible eyewitness accounts of this from military personnel, often for black triangular UAPs, some of which appear to map the surface as they move back in forth over areas in patterns. They appear geometric and thus undistorted as expected.
  8. We are aware of an account by a Navy pilot who saw a “black cube surrounded by a sphere of glass”. Glassy environments are expected from the distortion field but mostly from the vacuum inside it, causing light to partially reflect and refract as it enters and exits the vacuum.
  9. The starlike glow (thermal radiation) around UAPs is well established. Slow-moving UAPs, in particular those of different designs, appear to sometimes not glow but still exhibit heat around them (if one believes some witnesses that ended up with burns as they got too close to such a vehicle).
  10. The UAP in the Gimbal video exhibits this rotating behavior, which leads us to understand that it was about to jump to its top speed or other high speed. Conspicuously, the video cuts at this point, thus not showing the jump. If the object had continued to move mundanely, there would have been more footage and no reason to cut the video so suddenly after the rotation. But if the world saw the object suddenly disappear, everybody would know what it is and even the most biased person would have had no choice but to accept it. We must, therefore, point out that the nature of this craft is likely known to the camera operator and senior personnel that have access to the uncut video. See below:

The Gimbal Video

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