The Fermi Paradox of the Second and Third Kind

Ruling Out Two Popular ET Beliefs

The mission of this website is to replace the guesswork of decades with a clear scientific understanding as if disclosure had already occurred. The first level of this was to release the fundamental theory of UAPs that managed to unify a century of sightings, and we were able to explain all of the common observables as consequences of a single technology.

But imagine an extraterrestrial gave you the following choice. Either they take you on a ride on a flying saucer and explain how it works. Or they tell you about their origin, history on Earth, who we are to them, and what’s really out there in the galaxy. Which one would you choose? An insight into cold tech or galactic community & history?

Most people, including myself, would choose the latter. But can we infer the nature and agenda of ETs on our own? If we are logical, we can indeed know the shape of the elephant. To get closer to reality, however, we need to peel away the skins of the onion around it that don’t work. This is why we are going to disprove two very popular and rather wild speculations right here on this page.

It is as Sherlock Holmes said: “If you remove the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Part 1. Transdimensionals

BTs and BETs

Reality encompasses all possibilities. Whenever a quantum event can go in more than one way, they do in parallel branches. Our universe is one of all possible successions of events.

One of the most popular beliefs says that ETs are “transdimensional beings”, which no one clearly defines. People tend to fill holes in their knowledge or understanding with their imagination, and this is one of them. From what I have seen, narratives that could work as plot twists are especially magnetic.

First, let us define what transdimensional means. Simply put, our universe is like a chessboard that plays out. It resides on a very long table on which all possible chess boards with all possible games are lined up and played out as well. The board is our spacetime and the table upon which all the boards reside is hyperspace (aka the bulk).

Reality as a whole does not contain a mechanism that chooses a particular history. All possible chess games (all possible events in a universe) play out in parallel games (parallel universes). But they did not all start next to each other but split apart. At the beginning, there was one game in its starting condition and every time moves can be made differently, the game split into multiple games. This means that all things consistent with the laws of physics happen somewhere in the multiverse. All chess games happen.

The term “transdimensional being” is then defined as an individual that travels through a higher spatial dimension (hyperspace) and enters into our own. Hence they are travelers from parallel branches in this branchial space of all games.

At this point, I wish to define two new terms:

  1. BTs or Branchial Terrestrials are individuals that evolved on Earth in a parallel universe. They could look a lot like us or increasingly different depending on how different the history of life has occurred on that branchial Earth.
  2. BETs or Branchial Extraterrestrials and are extraterrestrials from a parallel universe in the same way as above.

Over the decades, thousands of people (some from mass sightings) have described ETs with too many consistencies to be disregarded. From this we know a key piece of information: all of the species seem to look comparable to us, some even quite similar. This is a peculiar affair and the reason why, on my quest to home in on the real explanation, I’ve considered BTs for a while. Branchial terrestrials would indeed look like us, for they evolved on Earth in parallel branches. This sounds like it could indeed work, right? Well, no.

Since there are infinitely many branches (universes), if it was possible to move between them, there would be an infinite number of BTs and BETs that decide to come here. In fact, there would be an infinite number of them who …

  • … don’t bother to keep it a secret
  • … decide to land everywhere
  • … decide to fight wars in our skies
  • … decide to conduct a space race in our skies
  • … decide to all visit Comic Con (no one would notice)
  • … decide to do basically any dopey thing you can imagine, because there is an infinite number of them and all possible things would happen

Normally, all possible things only play out in parallel branches, but if branches can be switched, all possible visitors and actions of those visitors would occur.

This leads me to the title of this page, which is another term I shall define today.

  1. The normal Fermi Paradox asks: Where are all the aliens? Given the size and age of the galaxy, they should’ve been here for a long time.
  2. The Fermi Paradox of the second kind asks: Where are all the branchial aliens? There should be an infinite number of them at all times.

Since all possibilities play out, we could happen to live in a universe where none of them ever come here. However, this is infinitely unlikely. There may be one universe where none of any of the points above happen but there is an infinite number where at least some of them take place. So the chance of us living in the most boring branch is zero.

Since there are no branchial visitors, it is not possible to switch between universes, and the idea of “transdimensional beings” isn’t the right answer.

Part 2. Human Descendants From The Future

This one is also quite popular and makes for the perfect plot twist.

First of all, both this and the idea from before come from a time when we didn’t know there are over 6 billion habitable Earth-like planets in the galaxy, 1 billion of which are more suitable for the evolution of life than the Earth. The history of life on Earth shows that complex animal life is likely inevitable if given enough time. We don’t need to consider alternative origins, as it is clear now where ETs come from.

Can we be sure there are no Temporal Terrestrials (TTs) and Temporal Extraterrestrials (TETs) visiting the past to study it? Or maybe we even guide ourselves, enabling our own future?

We can’t be absolutely sure as we do not know for a fact time travel into the past cannot be done and what the effects on the timeline would be. But let’s think about this carefully and see, at least, if it is unlikely or not.

1) The Fermi Paradox of The Third Kind

The first argument is similar to the one before. If time travel into the past is possible, then billions of years and countless trillions of TTs and TETs have access to our time. Where are they?

Notice that the Earth is the most interesting planet in the galaxy right now, even if there were thousands of civilizations out there. This is because cosmic time is vast and civilizations are likely each a million years apart in their development. The stone age takes hundreds of thousands of years, then you have thousands of years of the bronze age, antiquity, and so on, and then we almost immediately reach the stars as technology advances exponentially all of a sudden. We are right now in this very short slice of time, just 100 to 200 years, where our technology advances to that of a spacefaring species. No other planet in this galaxy is in this short, critical moment at this time. We are about to enter the galaxy ourselves and that makes this era very important.

ETs are certainly interested in seeing where humanity is headed, whether we are going to be a problematic neighbor or not. This is one reason we can expect them to be monitoring the Earth a lot right now. But trillions of TTs and TETs would be interested to come here and see how this critical time played out. We should see a lot of them! Where are they? That’s the Fermi paradox of the third kind. This suggests that you can’t travel into the past.

2) Prepare for Unforeseen Consequences

Rule 30 is a cellular automaton discovered by Stephen Wolfram. It is based on a very simple rule that leads to unpredictable randomness.

Chaos. The large multiplicity of particles interacting with each other and the fact that every object has a gravitational influence that reaches all across the universe ensures that nothing is truly free of chaos. The future is in principle and fundamentally unpredictable.

In physics, we like to predict how systems change with time. We write down functions where you can plug in a time and find out, say, where Venus is 30,000 years from now. But this is only because we simplify everything and remove the chaos, all the little pulling of all the other planets, moons, asteroids, stars, and so on.

I have seen a simulation where our moon was deleted and the effect of it was studied. At first, nothing seemed to change. But there were changes, small, imperceptible ones that began piling up. After more than 30,000 years or so, the orbit of Venus began oscillating, and eventually, the planet either fell into the sun or was ejected from the solar system altogether. Which of these two options happened depended on which side of the Earth the moon was on when it was deleted over 30,000 years before. And this is in space, where everything is clean and no material is interacting with the planets. If this is chaotic, imagine how chaotic anything on Earth really is, like the weather.

At its most fundamental level, reality is information and the relationships between that information. Modern approaches to physics and our advancements in quantum gravity have revealed this fact. Every step from each moment to the next can be thought of as a computation. And like Rule 30, the future can only be known by running the universe and seeing where it ends up, as every bit influences every other in unforeseen ways. We cannot shortcut the real answer by plugging a future time into a mathematical function and skipping ahead.

Any change produced by temporal visitors would massively change the future and produce unlimited amounts of new parallel branches. The butterfly effect ensures that even a single UAP moving though the atmosphere changes the weather later on. If the weather changes, people behave differently. They stay inside if it rains and don’t do things they would’ve done otherwise. The chain of events changes. Buildings are completed at different times depending on changes of the weather, the future actions in those buildings are then delayed and play out differently, all the way up to large changes in society. People who see a UAP change their view of the universe. Their entire life can be informed by such an event and suddenly, they behave differently and do other things than they would’ve normally done. This changes history from all angles. The future our temporal visitors come from would be no more.

This is more extreme than science fiction has ever imagined. Every tiny change causes a large change of history down the line. Every visit, every sighting, every little motion in the air would pile up, keeping the future in constant flux. It changes not just once but at every moment that a new tiny change is introduced. And even in the future, the ability to travel into the past could not be policed. It needs only one individual somewhere and some time to do it and everything changes. This also shows that time travel cannot be possible, or this would happen constantly.

But let’s go a bit deeper into it to see why it likely can’t happen.

3) The Arrow of Time

As mentioned before, reality is information and the relationship of that information to each other. This is what we already know and why we are currently in a revolution in physics that is as big as the quantum mechanical revolution in the 1920s. Though formulating the exact mathematics of quantum gravity is still underway, we are finally making great strides and know where the journey is headed.

Like rule 30, reality appears to be based on a simple rule (or set of rules) that is continuously applied and produces everything. Time runs in one way because the computation runs in one direction and adds information or complexity with each step.

Think of it this way. Imagine characters in a video game that try to understand their world. They would define space to just exist, come up with concepts like velocity, acceleration, and so on, and could work out some simple mathematical rules to describe their world: classical Newtonian physics. But you and I know there is really a computer underneath. We know that everything in that world is actually ones and zeros and how they relate to each other. The game characters begin their exploration from top to bottom and have no idea what matter and space really are, and so they don’t know what motion is, or forces, or anything really.

But then they peer more deeply into matter and begin to see that their world is not continuous but has discrete states. They start working on a deeper formulation of the world and end up with quantum mechanics, a description that peers into the computer that is deeply hidden beneath their world. It is a great success but they still don’t understand what space really is quite yet, so their nice quantum mechanical picture is incomplete and ends up being unintelligible even though it makes correct predictions.

For a while, they try to put the video game picture of space and the computer picture of their world together into one description, but these are two very different points of view and so it never works. Finally, they start looking for space in the computer directly and eventually discover that it was waiting there all along. They find that every point in space is a bit, and its connection and distance to every other point is a relationship between the bits. And from this, they see that motion is a change of that relationship. Since all forces produce an acceleration or motion, all forces are hence also changes of those relationships. But all structures in the universe are due to forces, and so they suddenly see clearly that the universe is indeed only information and a change of relationships between bits.

This is exactly what our process of discovery has been. Does this mean we live in a computer? Probably not. The fundamental rule is fixed and the person on the other end would not be able to change anything other than running the rule. While that might be interesting to look at, nothing could be messed with in any clear way.

Example of branches that arise from this simple rule: Every time you see an “A” replace it with “AB” or “BA”. Then you start with “A” at the beginning. The real universe is much more complex and has an insurmountable number of such steps. But real candidate rules are indeed as simple as this one yet, remarkably, reproduce relativity theory and quantum mechanics within the structure of such a graph.

Either way, reality is a simple rule that gets applied over and over wherever it is applicable in each time step. It is like a game of chess and its simple rules that get applied on each turn – except in reality, all changes that can happen in each turn do happen. All pieces are moved any and all ways they can, so all possible movements are done in parallel games (branches of the multiverse) because there is no preferred way to apply the fundamental rule. All possible ways are applied. It can be shown, by the way, that quantum mechanics arises from this.

What I am saying is that each time step depends on the one before. You cannot draw splitting branches where one branch turns around and intersects with the past (which would then influence all branches following from it). First, that future state had to be computed and thus come into existence. It is not known ahead of time due to the unforeseeable nature of how things end up influencing each other (Rule 30) and because the motion into the future is due to computational steps.

From this fundamental, outside vantage point on reality, looking bottom to top (from the computer up to the game world rather then the other way around) we can plainly see why time travel into the past should not occur but time travel into the future does.

We can thus indeed most likely rule out TTs an TETs and focus on ETs in our galaxy without being distracted by unknowable alternatives, at least until we have some good evidence to guide us back to this option. We must be guided by something or we will run away in some direction our imagination takes us and we are going to get to answers that will bear almost no resemblance to the truth.

I have to say that it is striking how difficult it is for so many of us to recognize extraterrestrials as people. Why do they need to be time travelers, transdimensional beings, angels, demons, or some other wild thing? If I was one of them, I would think that humans are not ready for us as long as they are not even able to recognize us as people and our ships as vehicles.

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